The FIM (Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme) organized off-road motorcycle racing event

The Motocross World Championship, also known as MXGP (Motocross World Championship), originated in the United Kingdom and is the highest level off-road motorcycle racing event globally. It is considered one of the four major classic motorcycle racing events alongside F1, WRC, and MOTOGP, with a history of more than 100 years. MXGP holds around 20 rounds of individual races in different countries each year, along with one national race.

Development History

The history of off-road motorcycle racing can be traced back to the early 20th century when the first event was held in the United Kingdom, particularly in the 1920s. The first races held during this time were known as “scrambles.” As World War II ended, this sport transitioned from being a national competition to an international one, and the first-ever team event called “International Six Days Enduro” was established.

In 1947, a 500cc displacement motorcycle race was held in the Netherlands. Despite Belgian rider Auguste Mingels having a faster speed and leading in qualifying, it was a British rider who claimed the first championship. From that time onwards, this unique sport began to be regularly organized each year, with British teams dominating most of the victories until the late 1960s.

The National Championship, a team event featuring 250cc displacement motorcycles, was introduced in 1961. In 1962, the European Championship for the 250cc class also became the World Championship. In 1975, another class, the 125cc category, was upgraded from the European Championship to the World Championship. The National Cup competition for 125cc displacement motorcycle teams was introduced in 1981.

Development Timeline


From the European Championship to the World Championship, Joel Robert (250cc) and Roger De Coster (500cc) made their names. After being held as the European Championship for five years, in 1957, it was upgraded to the World Championship, marking an important milestone for off-road motorcycle racing. The champion was Bill Nilsson from Sweden, riding a motorcycle provided by AJS.

In the same year, the first European Cup for 250cc displacement motorcycles was established, which lasted for two years and was upgraded to the European Championship in 1959. Three years later, in 1962, the 250cc category had its first World Championship, with legendary Swedish rider Torsten Hallman from the Husqvarna team eventually becoming the champion.


The arrival of the 125cc category World Championship.

In 1973, another category, the 125cc, began with the European Championship. Belgian rider Andre Malherbe won consecutive annual championships with Zundapp motorcycles. In 1975, this event became the World Championship, and Gaston Rahier clinched the annual championship riding a Suzuki, making Suzuki the first manufacturer to win world championships in three different categories simultaneously. Malherbe, drawing from his earlier experience in the 125cc category, also won the 500cc World Championship in 1980 and 1981.

Current Situation of the Event

The Motocross World Championship (MXGP) continues to be a globally popular and widely watched event. Riders from over 30 different countries participate in the series, and the total on-site attendance for the races exceeds 500,000 people, with over 1 billion viewers tuning in through television and other media outlets.

In 2004, all categories were renamed. The 125cc category became known as MX2 and primarily features races with 250cc four-stroke motorcycles. The 250cc category was renamed MX1 and features races with 450cc four-stroke bikes, while the 500cc category became an open class known as MX3. Professional setups and rankings were established to match the skills and competitiveness of new riders. Some notable new riders during this period included Steve Ramon, Ben Townley, Antonio “Tony” Cairoli, Tyla Rattray, and Tommy Searle. However, the most memorable figure of this decade was the record-breaking Stefan Everts. This Belgian rider achieved his 10th world championship title and 101st individual race victory in 2006, which was his last year before retirement. After retiring, he became the manager of the KTM team. Everts’ record-setting achievements serve as the ultimate challenge for all aspiring professional off-road motorcycle riders.

As of July 24, 2022, the 2022 Motocross World Championship held a race in Lommel, Belgium. Dutch rider Boog secured the championship in the MXGP category by accumulating 45 points in the two races held at the Belgian station. Fellow Dutch riders Vlaanderen and Geerts took the second and third positions, respectively.

Here is a list of the MXGP and MX2 World Championship winners from 2003 to 2019:


2019: Tim Gajser (Slovenia, Honda)

2018: Jeffrey Herlings (Netherlands, KTM)

2017: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, KTM)

2016: Tim Gajser (Slovenia, Honda)

2015: Romain Febvre (France, Yamaha)

2014: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, KTM)

2013: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, KTM)

2012: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, KTM)

2011: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, KTM)

2010: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, KTM)

2009: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, KTM)

2008: David Philippaerts (Italy, Yamaha)

2007: Steve Ramon (Belgium, Yamaha)

2006: Stefan Everts (Belgium, Yamaha)

2005: Stefan Everts (Belgium, Yamaha)

2004: Stefan Everts (Belgium, Yamaha)

2003: Stefan Everts (Belgium, Yamaha)


2019: Jorge Prado Garcia (Spain, KTM)

2018: Jorge Prado Garcia (Spain, KTM)

2017: Pauls Jonass (Latvia, KTM)

2016: Jeffrey Herlings (Netherlands, KTM)

2015: Tim Gajser (Slovenia, Honda)

2014: Jordi Tixier (France, KTM)

2013: Jeffrey Herlings (Netherlands, KTM)

2012: Jeffrey Herlings (Netherlands, KTM)

2011: Ken Roczen (Germany, KTM)

2010: Marvin Musquin (France, KTM)

2009: Marvin Musquin (France, KTM)

2008: Tyla Rattray (South Africa, KTM)

2007: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, Yamaha)

2006: Christophe Pourcel (France, Kawasaki)

2005: Antonio Cairoli (Italy, Yamaha)

2004: Ben Townley (New Zealand, KTM)

2003: Steve Ramon (Belgium, KTM)

Here are the competition rules:

  1. MXGP participants must be at least 16 years old, while MX2 participants must be at least 15 years old and not exceed 23 years of age. There are no female races in this category, and individuals who have won the MX2 World Championship twice or are older than 23 years old cannot participate.
  1. Participants must possess an FIM World Grand Prix license.
  1. Riders must wear helmets, goggles, and unaltered protective gear, including clothing, pants, shoes, etc.
  1. Riders cannot modify their starting positions and must select their starting positions from behind the metal starting frame.
  1. External assistance is not allowed unless deemed necessary for safety or other special reasons by the race officials. Race officials cannot assist riders in restarting their motorcycles.
  1. Motorcycle displacements and categories:

– MXGP: Two-stroke (175 cc to 250 cc), four-stroke (290 cc to 450 cc).

– MX2: Two-stroke (100 cc to 125 cc), four-stroke (175 cc to 250 cc).

  1. Riders are allowed to use two motorcycles, provided that both have passed the technical inspection. If a rider does not need to change their starting position after the warm-up lap, they can also choose to switch bikes.
  1. When riders cross the finish line, they must quickly exit the track and leave the finish area without lingering nearby.
  1. Maximum noise levels at two meters: Maximum noise of 114 dB/A at RPM before the race and maximum noise of 115 dB/A at RPM after the race.
  1. MXGP and MX2 Points System:

The points awarded for each race generally follow this format: 1st place receives 25 points, 2nd place receives 22 points, 3rd place receives 20 points, and so on, with decreasing points for subsequent positions.

In case of multiple riders not finishing a race, points are allocated based on the number of laps completed and the rider’s position at the time of the race stoppage or disqualification.

The points distribution you’ve provided corresponds to the scoring system used in MXGP and MX2 competitions. Here’s how points are awarded based on the finishing positions:

MXGP and MX2 Points System:

1st place: 25 points

2nd place: 22 points

3rd place: 20 points

4th place: 18 points

5th place: 16 points

6th place: 15 points

7th place: 14 points

8th place: 13 points

9th place: 12 points

10th place: 11 points

11th place: 10 points

12th place: 9 points

13th place: 8 points

14th place: 7 points

15th place: 6 points

16th place: 5 points

17th place: 4 points

18th place: 3 points

19th place: 2 points

20th place: 1 point

This point system rewards higher points to riders who finish with better positions, with the winner receiving the most points and subsequent positions receiving fewer points as per the table you provided.